Xiang embroidery is one of the four famous embroideries in China. It is the general name of Hunan embroidery products with distinctive Hunan-Chu cultural characteristics centred in Changsha, Hunan Province. It originated from Hunan folk embroidery and developed by absorbing the advantages of Su embroidery and Guangdong embroidery. It has a history of more than 2000 years.
At the end of the 19th century, Wu Hanchen, son of Hu Lianxian, an embroidery worker, opened the first self-embroidery and self-selling Wu Caixia Embroidery Workshop in Changsha. On the basis of Hunan folk embroidery, he absorbed the advantages of "Su embroidery" and "Guang embroidery", and gradually Xiang embroidery was "Reference needle" is also called "random needle insertion", which corresponds to the same needle. The three-dimensional shape and halo effect of the object can be displayed. In the reference needle, there are also reference needles, straight reference needles, cross reference needles, wool needles, etc. There are also needle arrangement, travelling needle, flower needle, Crochet needle, hole needle, carving needle, beating and other needling methods. Its silk thread, after evaporation treatment of pod kernels, is smooth and smooth, with fine filaments, known as "wool embroidery". Xiang embroidery's style is vivid, colourful, with a strong emphasis on the shade of yin and yang, changeable stitching and meticulous splitting. Embroidery workers pay attention to "embroidery can produce fragrance, embroidery birds can hear, embroidery tigers can run, embroidery people can convey spirit". Embroidery also includes purse, pocket, pen insert, chair cushion, table circumference, pillowcase, tent cover, eaves, handkerchiefs, dress edges, skirt ornaments, belts and so on.
Xiang embroidery is characterized by rich layers of colouring and embroidery like a painting. There are Su Cat and Xiang Tiger among the people. Xiang embroidery lion and tiger hairlines are rigid, straight and vertical, eyes are bright, can be chaotic, has developed to heterochromatic, heteromorphic, heteromorphic double-sided embroidery. Xiang embroidery has participated in international expositions held in Japan, Panama, the United States and other places, and has won awards for many times, enjoying a high reputation in the international market.
Xiang embroidery is a general term for embroidery crafts centred in Changsha, Hunan Province. In the modern sense, Xiang embroidery is mainly based on the folk embroidery techniques in Hunan, which integrates ancient court embroidery and scholar bureaucrat boudoir embroidery techniques and forms. At the same time, it also drew embroidery handicrafts from the essence of Suzhou embroidery and Guangdong embroidery and other embroidery seeds.
Xiang embroidery is mainly made of silk, pure silk, hard satin, soft satin, transparent yarn and various colours of silk and velvet. Its composition is rigorous and its colour is bright. Various stitches are expressive. Through abundant colour lines and ever-changing stitches, the embroidered figures, animals, landscapes, flowers and birds have special art. As a result, no matter flat embroidery, weaving embroidery, net embroidery, knot embroidery, seed-beating embroidery, velvet-cutting embroidery, random embroidery, etc., give full play to the expressive force of needling. Attention should be paid to delicately depicting the appearance and endoplasm of objects.
Xiang embroidery emphasizes realism, simplicity and gracefulness, vivid image, the combination of virtual and real structure, and ingeniously integrates traditional Chinese painting, embroidery, poetry, calligraphy and stone art.
Xiang embroidery has formed its own unique style in the long-term development process. His works have high traditional handicraft value and regional cultural and artistic value; Xiang embroidery has a vivid image, vivid colour, both physical and spiritual, dynamic and static, with the reputation of "embroidery peanut fragrance, embroidery bird can hear, embroidery tiger can run, embroidery person can convey spirit". It has become the "art card" of Hunan and even China.