In handmade embroidery, there are some special embroidery methods that make the conventional embroidery change by means of other tools, materials, and techniques. They are variant embroidery, including dyeing embroidery, supplementary embroidery, color-borrowing embroidery, high embroidery, picking, and shearing. Dyeing and embroidery: In the Yuan Dynasty embroidery, figures, flowers and birds mostly use ink to depict their eyebrows and use paint instead of embroidery. The method of dyeing and embroidering began here and is still in use today.
Terminology in detail
Waterway refers to the place where handmade embroidery patterns overlap and overlap, leaving a line of embroidery blank. Its function is to separate the front and back layers. The waterway should be empty and even. When embroidering, it is necessary to first embroider and overlay the whole pattern (let the waterway remain on the pattern below) and then embroider the pattern below. The edges should be embroidered smoothly, neatly and evenly so as to ensure the correct and neat outline of the patterns.
Petal pressing refers to an embroidery method in which the patterns of embroidery appreciation are overlapped or overlapped without layers of water. Its function is to make the intersections of patterns clear without gaps. When embroidering, embroider objects far behind, needle feet should cross the outline of the front pattern, and embroider patterns near the front layer. The outline edge stitches should be neat and dense to distinguish the front and back layers. If the two objects have the same color before and after embroidery, the color of the pressing part of the object behind embroidery should be slightly deeper to set off, so that the object has overlapping authenticity.
Silk is one-sixteenth of a flower thread. One half of suede and a thread is one of the production techniques of falling stretch embroidery. After the pattern on the bandage is embroidered, the finished embroidered product is removed from the bandage, which is called "falling bandage". The method of the practical product is to relax the stretching thread, remove the edge bamboo, take off the stretching needle, withdraw the stretching latch, pull out the white cloth, remove the stitches between the embroidery and the stretching cloth, and take off the embroidery. Appreciation products need to be mounted before stretching, otherwise, the quality of embroidery will be affected.
The first skin is called the "outer edge", that is, the first skin on the edge of an object. Silk thread, Silk Road and silk management are also called "silk" or "silk road". It refers to the direction in which embroidery lines are arranged. Silk embroidery is mainly represented by lines, while silk texture plays a key role in convex and concave turning and rigid back. The line arrangement of embroidery silk should be consistent with the growth direction of plant fibrous tissue and animal hair and should be flexibly used according to their different postures. If a flower has positive, negative, prone, elevation and other non-postures, to correctly grasp the silk of the flower, first of all, we should find out the whole and part of the central points of the flower in the embroidery pattern, as well as the relationship between them. Part of the center must be oriented towards the whole center. When embroidering, the silk orientation must be determined according to the center, so as to enhance the artistic expression effect of embroidery.
Tibetan needle is called "Tibetan needle" when short needles are mixed in the twists and turns of embroidery patterns with radial or twisted silk. Its function is to make the line silk turn naturally and make embroidery smooth.
Take up the old thread and embroider it in a circle according to the pattern outlined with a needle. Then embroider the thread without making the outline protrude slightly. Traditionally, it is called the "old-line".
Skin refers to the level of batch embroidery in each small embroidery unit, which is called "skin". In the method of snatching needle and flat needle, the layer head is clear, also known as clear skin.
Note the terminology of needle embroidery. It's a way to replace knotting in handmade embroidery. When a thread is used to embroider or when the embroidery is finished, a few very short stitches are embroidered to hide the thread, which is called "needle marking" or "thread marking".